This week in history

Posted 12/10/17

1943J.A. Krug, director of the Office of War Utilities, has made a direct appeal to everyone to dispense with their usual Christmas lighting practices to cooperate with the seven industry program for …

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This week in history



J.A. Krug, director of the Office of War Utilities, has made a direct appeal to everyone to dispense with their usual Christmas lighting practices to cooperate with the seven industry program for the conservation of critical resources.

He asks that everyone confine Christmas lightings this year to decoration of Christmas trees inside homes. Particularly, he asked that we give up the usual practice of using street decoration, community Christmas trees, exterior home decorations, and interiors and exterior of commercial establishments.

Explaining the necessity for this request, and the results to be accomplished, Mr. Krug said, “Government and industry have combined in a nationwide conservation campaign to save critical fuels and materials necessary to produce and consume electricity.

"I am asking the American people to refrain from their Christmas lighting custom as a part of that campaign. Electric light bulbs are particularly short at present and strict conservation of them is necessary. Widespread consumption of bulbs during the Christmas season merely will mean a greater scarcity later on," he added.

He went on to say, "Because of the shortness of daylight over most of the country at Christmas time, necessary consumption of electricity is at its peak. Everything we can do to avoid additional load will mean direct savings of fuel, manpower, transportation and materials. No mandatory order is contemplated because the American people realize the necessity of this conservation and will do it.”


U.S. Army artillery heavy trucks, lighter trucks and jeeps passed through Cleveland on Inman Street going east Monday on a transcontinental movement after having trained for months in the desert of Southern California.

The convoy consisted of an estimated 350 vehicles, which were reported en route to Fort Bragg, N.C.

The big trucks were pulling 155 mm howitzers and ammunition carriages between them, while the smaller ones carried lighter supplies with two men in each truck.

Directing traffic at the corner of Ocoee and Inman streets was a soldier, who stated that his battalion consisted of about 700 men. The drivers of the trucks were experienced handlers of the vehicles and the men looked like seasoned soldiers.


 Late Monday afternoon a telegram came from the Adjutant General’s office in Washington, advising Mrs. Robert Earl Pritchett, 305 East Thirty-fifth Street, that her husband, Pvt. Pritchett, is now a prisoner of war of the German government.

Pvt. Pritchett, who was reported missing September 19, was in the infantry and had been overseas since last April, serving at the time of his capture in Italy.

Mrs. Pritchett, who is the former Rose Chapman of this city, received the following message: “Report received through the International Red Cross states that your husband, Pvt. Robert E. Pritchett, is a prisoner of war of the German government. Letter of information follows from Provost Marshal General.”


Mrs. E.R. Ferguson, director, announced this week that the Red Cross surgical dressing rooms at the library will be closed until the new quota of material arrives.

The new quota is en route, but has not yet arrived, but workers are asked to watch their newspaper for announcement of when the rooms will be opened again. The November and December quotas have been complete, with 9,000 4x4 dressings and 7,200 4x8 sponges being completed.

While the workers have completed the quotas sent the local chapter, this does not mean that the chapter has been able to make the half million dressings assigned to the Cleveland/Bradley County chapter, as national headquarters has only shipped material based on the number of dressings made.


 All next week, the J.W. Wood Nativity scene display will be set up in town, according to the arrangements made by the underprivileged children’s committee of the Cleveland Kiwanis club.

This information was announced by Dr. William Keel, pastor of the First Baptist Church. Mr. Wood built the scenes several years ago and has exhibited them at his home in North Cleveland with unusual lighting effects at night.

The scenes caused much interest and comment.

This year Mr. Wood will erect the scenes nearer the center of Cleveland, the first being on the lawn at the rear of the First Baptist Church, with the Nativity scene proper at the Cleveland Electric System building.

Volunteer offerings and freewill gifts may be made toward financing the club’s underprivileged children’s work, one of the club’s annual projects. Starting the year with $406.44 in the treasury, during the year of 1943 the club financed 10 tonsil and adenoid operations for underprivileged children, purchased one pair of glasses, furnished transportation for a child to Chattanooga for an operation, supplied milk to an entire family for one month, financed the correction of dental defects for nine children handled by the local Child Welfare Service, and will have furnished a total of 2,912 hot lunches by December 18, 1943, through school cafeterias at two schools.

A balance of only $43.94 remains in the club’s fund for that purpose at present, it was announced.


 Mr. and Mrs. E.W. Hambright received a wire Sunday from the War Department stating that their son, Second Lt. A.R.T. “Rhea” Hambright, 22-year-old navigator on a B-24 Liberator, has been missing in action since December 1.

Lt. Hambright, who had been stationed in England since last May, has two brothers in the nation’s armed forces.

An older brother, E.W. (Jack) Hambright, is a chief petty officer with the U.S. Navy in the South Pacific, and a younger brother, Frank, with the AAF ground forces somewhere in the South Pacific.

He graduated from Bradley High School in 1937 and enlisted in the air forces following the bombing of Pearl Harbor, following four years of service in the navy. He received his commission as 2nd Lt. and navigator wings at Selman Field, Monroe, La.

He was recently awarded the Airmen’s Medal for completing 10 successful bombing missions. His family received a letter from him dated November 27, but received one of a later date on Saturday.

From his letters, his parents had learned that he took part in the shuttle bombing of Italy and later made an observation trip on his way to North Africa. It is also known that he helped to bomb Berlin. During his time with the navy, Lt. Hambright was present at the historic Atlantic Charter meeting between President Roosevelt and Winston Churchill of England, later seeing the prime minister in Iceland.

Rhea is the third aviator from Bradley County to be reported missing in action since early fall.

Lt. Jimmie Maxwell was reported missing last October and is now a prisoner of the German government, and Lt. J.C. Maupin, also a B-24 navigator, was reported missing last Saturday.

Hambright and Maxwell were members of the same graduating class at Selman Field and were shipped overseas to England together.


E.E. Shouse, foreman of the Chickamauga Producers Inc., announced this week that one of the finest and most modern locker plants is now assured for this area, and a plan has been approved for the erection of a $30,000 plant, which is expected to be in operation by early spring.

Complete service in meat preservation, as well as fruit and vegetables will be one of the features of this unit. Customers may have their meat carcasses chilled, aged, cut, wrapped, frozen and placed in their own private lockers.

They will also have curing and smoking service, Mr. Shouse stated, as he explained that the plant will be able to prepare one’s meat the way it is wanted. Customers may have garden and orchard fresh vegetables and fruit the year round by the freezing process and storing in the lockers.

A 13,000 cubic foot zero temperature space, 714 cubic feet chilling and aging space and tunnel freezing capacity of 500 pounds per hour will be in the plant. Each of these facilities will be refrigerated with seven and one-half horsepower, three-ton freezing compressors.

The compressors will all be cross connected, so that in case of a breakdown of any one, service will not be affected. Anyone who wants to rent a locker should contact the Chamber of Commerce or the county agent’s office at once and reserve space. 

It was pointed out that building cannot be done to care for future wants and those who need and want the space should arrange for it at once. The location of the locker plant will be in the brick warehouse building on Edwards Street, opposite the Southern Railway Station, and plans drafted by TVA quick freeze engineers call for the most modern arrangements and cleanliness.

Locker space runs from $8 to $12 a year. Installation of the locker system has been sponsored by the Chamber of Commerce and three civic clubs. Facilities should especially appeal to farmers who annually lose much seasonal fruits, vegetables and meat that could be saved for later use and marketing.


Farmers and other agricultural workers in Tennessee are being encouraged to devote whatever spare time they may have during the winter season to pulpwood cutting, lumbering and similar local war useful occupations, it was announced this week by Mitchell Thomas, local manager of the War Manpower Commission, who pointed out that both the Manpower Commission and Selective Service have recently made changes in their procedures which will simplify such temporary transfers during the winter.

A revision in manpower regulations now makes it possible for agricultural workers to take such employment for a period of six weeks or less without the necessity for clearance by the United States Employment Service.

Farm workers of military age still must obtain permission from their Selective Service boards, but instructions have been sent to the local board to approve bona fide off-season transfers of farm workers into those occupations related to agriculture.

During such periods, their occupation deferments will remain in effect.

Mr. Thomas declared that critical shortages in pulpwood, logging and sawmill products make it imperative that this work be increased and pointed out that farmers can assist materially by devoting their spare time during the winter months to this activity.

“It is the general practice of farmers in Tennessee to do most of their pulpwood and lumber cutting on their own lands during the winter,” Mr. Thomas said. “We hope they will do even more of it this year. If there is no work of this type to be done on their farms, they can assist their neighbors. These activities are usually located near the farm, and can be done on a part-time basis.”

Mr. Thomas stressed the fact that no worker is being encouraged to neglect or leave agricultural pursuits, especially those connected with the production of food, which are of primary importance to the war effort.

Changes in the regulations, he added, cover only temporary work in non-farm activities, and will not extend beyond the opening of the spring planting season.


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