These phrases are part of the Sermon on the Mount, which spans chapters 5 through 7 in the book of St. Matthew. Given primarily to the disciple, it is sometimes called the “Constitution of the Kingdom.”
The Beatitudes lead Jesus’ sermon in Matthew 5 and give the characteristics of those who are in the kingdom of God. Each line begins with “blessed,” or “happy.”
These absolutes signify the nature of the citizens of the kingdom. Jesus gives eight statements — all focused on a relationship with him — everything needed to have that blessed, happy life.
“Blessed are the poor ...” — those who recognize they are sinners; who have nothing to merit the favor of God — theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
“Blessed are they that mourn ...” — the right attitude toward sin, the step to repentance — they will be comforted.
“Blessed are the meek ...” — the teachable ones who willingly submit themselves to God; Jesus himself was an example, as was Moses — they shall inherit the earth.
“Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness ...” — they are not satisfied with their own works and achievements, but seek God’s will in their lives — to live holy before Him.
“Blessed are the merciful ...” — those who can look at another’s needs as his own — and having received mercy, gives it.
“Blessed are the pure in heart ...” — there’s nothing standing in the way to prevent their coming into the presence of God.
“Blessed are the peacemakers ...” — people who have peace with God have peace with themselves and act as peacemakers between others.
And lastly, “Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness’ sake; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.” In one sentence, commitment and promise come together — the formula of living a joyful life.
In these short statements, Christ sets the foundation for the kingdom. The Christian will experience the deeper meaning of Christ’s teachings. In reality, no longer will serving God be a burden, but a “blessing.”
And so, God asks that His children totally depend on Him for every need — “Consider the lilies ...” He says what you need to do (Matthew 6: 33) is to focus on seeking the Kingdom of God and his righteousness first ... “and all these things shall be added unto you.”
Isaiah 41:10 (KJV) tells us: “Fear thou not; for I am with thee: be not dismayed; for I am thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness.”
It is God’s message to every one of his children — “I am thy God; just let me have charge.”
Can you hear God saying to you each morning, “This is your Father. Put your trust in me and I will handle anything you face today. I don’t need your help — just your trust.”