These absolutes signify the nature of the citizens of the kingdom. It is interesting to note that the Greek word is makarios, a word also used to describe the island of Cyprus because it was said to be “blessed with everything necessary to produce everything necessary for a happy life.”
The Sermon on the Mount (probably Horns of Hattin) was given primarily to the disciples. In his book, “The Life and Times of Jesus,” Dr. Herschell Hobbs calls the Sermon on the Mount the Constitution of the Kingdom with the Beatitudes as the Christian’s Bill of Right.
In Matthew 5, verses 3 through 12, Jesus gives precious promises — all focused on a relationship with him — everything needed to have that blessed, happy life. In these short statements, Christ sets the foundation for the kingdom.
In case some thought he was destroying the law with these principles, Jesus tells them that “I am not come to destroy the law, but I fill it full of meaning.”
“Blessed are the poor ...” — those who recognize they are sinners; who have nothing to merit the favor of God — theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
“Blessed are they that mourn ...” — the right attitude toward sin, the step to repentance — they will be comforted.
“Blessed are the meek ...” — the teachable ones who willingly submit themselves to God; Jesus himself was an example, as was Moses — they shall inherit the earth.
“Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness ...” — they are not satisfied with their own works and achievements, but seek God’s will in their lives — to live holy before Him.
“Blessed are the merciful ...” — those who can look at another’s needs as their own — and having received mercy, give it.
“Blessed are the pure in heart ...” — there’s nothing standing in the way to prevent their coming into the presence of God. They have taken every step, from receiving the favor of God to being ushered into the presence of God.
“Blessed are the peacemakers ...” — people who have peace with God have peace with themselves and act as peacemakers between others — such an attitude will cause people to recognize them as the “sons of God.”
And lastly, “Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness’ sake; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven,” adding the encouragement to “Rejoice and be exceeding glad for great is your reward in heaven.” In the two verses, commitment and promise come together — with patience and endurance — the formula of living a joyful life.
The Christian will experience the deeper meaning of Christ’s teachings — in reality, more is asked of the children of God than the law required. He asks that His children go beyond the expected.
No longer will serving God be a burden, but “blessed.” The Lord wants his children to live a joyful and victorious life — not buried in the doldrums of defeat.